About National Pan American Day
This holiday commemorates the establishment of the International Union of American Republics at the First International Conference of American States on this day in 1890
History of Pan American Day
By the end of the 19th century, almost all the nations of the Americas had liberated themselves from colonial rule.
This raised the issue of what level of co-operation should exist between these states to mutually benefit each other.
To address this, the First International Conference of American States met, at the invitation of the United States, in Washington, DC, from October 1889 through April 1890, to consider measures that would preserve and promote the prosperity and welfare of the American States.
Near the end of the conference, on April 14th 1890, the conference adopted a resolution forming the International Union of American Republics, now known as the Organization of American States (OAS). The OAS is the world’s oldest regional organization.
The original member countries include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
Since the OAS has expanded to include many Caribbean countries who gained independence in the 20th century.
The International Union of American Republics designated April 14th as Pan American Day in 1930, and it was first observed the following year.
- International Conference of American States. (1st : 1889-90 : Washington). 10/1889-4/1890
- Organization of American States