About Buffalo Soldiers Day
Buffalo Soldiers Day was first proclaimed by President George Bush in 1992 to celebrate the all-black Army regiments' “outstanding legacy of service.”
Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21st 1866, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. This nickname was given to the Black Cavalry by Native American tribes who fought in the Indian Wars. The term eventually became synonymous with all of the African-American regiments formed in 1866.
The day is observed on July 28th, as it was on that day in 1866, after the end of the Civil War when Congress enacted legislation that allowed African-American men to serve in six segregated units in the United States Army during peacetime.