About National Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses Day
What is Pediatric Hematology?
Pediatric hematology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders in children. The most common type of blood disorder in children is anemia, which can be caused by a variety of factors, including iron deficiency, lead poisoning, and sickle cell disease. Other common blood disorders include leukemia and lymphoma.
Pediatric hematologists are specially trained to diagnose and treat blood disorders in children. They work closely with other pediatric specialists, such as oncologists and surgeons, to provide the best possible care for their patients.
What is Pediatric Oncology?
Pediatric oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in children. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in children, after accidents. It is important to note that pediatric cancer is different from adult cancer. The most common types of pediatric cancer are leukemia, brain tumors, and lymphoma.
There are many factors that contribute to the development of pediatric cancer. These include genetic predisposition, exposure to radiation or toxic chemicals, and certain viral infections. Treatment for pediatric cancer often includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or stem cell transplantation. With advances in medical technology and treatment options, more children are surviving childhood cancer than ever before.