About Constitution Day
The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and became effective on 26 January 1950.
Constitution Day marks the ratification of the Constitution, whereas Republic Day, on January 26th, commemorates the establishment of the Constitution of India.
The adoption of the constitution marked the transition to full independence from Britain as it ended Lord Mountbatten's role as governor-general of India.
The Drafting Committee, headed by Dr. BR Ambedkar took around 2 years and 11 months to put together the Indian Constitution.
Did you know?
Initially consisting of 397 articles and 12 schedules, the Indian Constitution has since had over 100 amendments, and now has 448 articles in 25 parts and 12 schedules, making it the longest Constitution in the world, befitting the world's largest democracy.
January 26th was chosen as the date for the adoption of the constitution as it was on January 26th 1930 when Purna Swaraj, the Declaration of Indian Independence was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.